Fish farming is basically the commercial raising of fish in tanks and ponds for food production. Commercial fish farming has established profitable commercial opportunities worldwide. It is well known that fish is an important source of food and protein, so the demand and price of fish and fish-related products have increased rapidly along with population growth.
Fish farming is a hot topic in some fields. Environmentalists often argue that fish farms are bad for the environment, while advocates point out that fish farms are an important source of high-quality protein. Whatever side of the debate you take, one of the great advantages of fish farming is that it’s a great entrepreneurial opportunity.
Benefits Of Fish Farming
Fish is Popular
By far, aquatic products are the most popular animal products in the market, accounting for more than 60 percent of meat products in the market.
Fish is Source of Protein
Fish is one of the main sources of protein. It is a good source of low-fat protein, rich in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamins such as D and B2 (riboflavin). Fish is also rich in calcium and phosphorus, and is also an important source of minerals such as iron, zinc, iodine, magnesium and potassium.
Fish Sells Quick
Fish sells faster than any other animal product on the market and is cheaper than meat, so fish is the first choice in terms of affordability.
Fish Matures Quickly
Fish grows very quickly because the practice of fish farming makes it possible for farmers to increase the growth rate of fish with certain feeds, thus ensuring that you harvest and sell them in a short time.
Fish Contains Omega-3
Fish is the biggest source of omega-3 fatty acids, which are great for the heart. Omega-3 helps keep our heart and brain very healthy. Since the body does not produce omega-3 fatty acids, food is the only source, and this is where fish live.
Fish Farming is Profitable
Fish farming is very profitable. With proper planning and good management, profits can easily be made within six months.
No Environmental Hazard
Fish farms do not cause any harm to the environment. Unlike poultry farming, you can set up fish farms anywhere, including residential areas. If you have specious compound, you can easily set up a small fish farm in your backyard without any supervision.
Disadvantages of Fish Farming
Water Pollution and Infections
Farmed fish are usually treated with antibiotics, disinfectants and pesticides. These chemicals and fish waste may enter the surrounding fresh water and cause water pollution.
Moreover, crowding of fish in one area can lead to the death of some fish. Dead fish promote the growth of bacteria and other infections that can threaten entire fish populations in the water supply. In addition, the crowding of fish leads to frequent close contact, so the disease can spread easily among the fish.
Expensive to Set Up
Initial installation costs in fish culture can be high due to the need to install fish, hatcheries, and provide processed fish feed pellets. In addition, the most expensive part of pond farming, as opposed to fish farming in large bodies of water, is digging, bringing water in and out of the ponds.
Farmed fish have a limited gene pool during reproduction. This increases the risk of genetic disease in fish offspring.
Hope this article can help you know more about fish farming, if you want to build your own fish feed plant, please contact us.